To err is human, they say. Because humans are mortal and perfection is not expected from mortals. We all make mistakes. Wise are those who learn from them. Once we make a blunder and are hurt by we make sure not to repeat it over. We learn to apologize to the person we hurt. Be it our own selves. No matter how the apology results in we make sure to make it. Seldom have we made a mistake and not seek forgiveness. It’s just not the biology of man. Committing a crime against your own values does not require verbally saying sorry to yourself but does when committed against a friend. You will have to say sorry no matter how hard it may sound. How often to our parents or teachers have we misbehaved and seek forgiveness. With our personal relations, we do not need formal apology formats rather verbal and informal gestures seem to be enough.
Committing a crime against agreements or expected formal behaviors are the ones requiring a formal apology. Once signing a contract or agreement with a company demands the determination to fulfill it. Breaking the contract, given whatever the circumstances, will need official apology which has to be made. Any kind of formal agreement will require formal apology like signing the teaching contract, being an employer, a member of board committee of some organization. In any instance, if the clauses and the agreement are made upon is violated, it goes against the agreement thus ordains a formal excuse.
Formal apologies are made on letters. As when the agreements are finalized and agreed upon, letters of confirmation are written. Given the same sensitivity, a letter of apology is written. This letter may include the violator’s name and status in the group/institution. The violation being made and the real reason of the violation made. After mentioning this, a formal jargon is used to excuse from the institutions officially with all of the participants of agreement to express the guilt and repentance over the mistake. At the end, a hope is given; a promise is made to not let this happen again.